QUESTION 1 (15 Marks)
1. There are two distinct types of cost accounting systems: job order costing systems and process costing systems. How does management decide whether to use a job order costing system or a process costing system in any given manufacturing situation? Explain briefly.
QUESTION 2 (10 Marks) Product cost vs. period cost
2. Briefly define the terms product cost and period cost.
QUESTION 3 (18 Marks) Indicate whether each of the following is a product cost or a period cost:
3.1. Cost of flour in a cupcake shop =
3.2. Costs of delivering finished boats to dealers =
3.3. Cost of a store detective in a retail establishment =
3.4. Electricity for lighting purposes in a production facility =
3.5. Cost of nuts to a sweets producer =
3.6. Depreciation of a coffee machine in an coffee beans facility=
3.7. Salary of a pastry chef in a bakery =
3.8. Salary of a sewing machine operator in a coat making factory =
QUESTION 4 (20 Marks)
4.1. Define and explain economies of scale.
4.2. Provide an example of a company that illustrates good economies of scale
QUESTION 5 (15 Marks)
5.1. Provide a personal example in your own life of a fixed cost
5.2. Provide a personal example in your own life of a variable cost
QUESTION 6 (12 Marks) Under- and over-applied overhead
6.1. What is meant by under-applied overhead?
6.2. What is meant by over-applied overhead?
QUESTION 7 ( 10 Marks)
7.1. Why is it important to know each unit cost of an item, when you manufacture the item?
7.2 What is margin of safety?
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