11)After arriving off the Guinea Coast, Portuguese captains traded with African leaders for which of the following items?
12)How did the early Europeans usually obtain their supply of African slaves?
A) They raided along the west coast of Africa, forcibly capturing large families.
B) Arabs brought slaves up to the coastal cities in Europe and Europeans bought them.
C) Europeans captured large land areas through warfare, and subjugated entire groups of people into slavery.
D) They obtained their slaves through trade with native African tribes, primarily in West Africa.
13)In what form did the Portuguese use captured slaves until the early sixteenth century?
A) as domestic servants
B) as labor in the sugar cane fields of North America
C) as soldiers in some of the Europeans’ wars of the era
D) as teachers of African culture and language for wealthy, young Portuguese children
14)Why did Africans enslave other Africans and sell them to Europeans?
A) Africans viewed other Africans in terms of racial solidarity and wanted to help them.
B) Warfare among African tribes led to selling defeated tribes to make money and to get rid of opponents.
C) African leaders were forced by their own people under threat of annihilation to sell other Africans to the Europeans.
D) Africans wanted to move to Europe and create colonies.
15)Which nation ended Spanish and Portuguese domination of the slave trade in the early-seventeenth century?
16)In what century did the Atlantic slave trade reach similar proportions to the Muslim trans-Sahara slave trade?
17)Which of the following statements best describes the triangular trade system produced by the Atlantic slave trade?
A) one part of the system entailed traders carrying African goods to Europe in exchange for slaves, ivory, precious gemstones, and art works
B) the middle part of the trade included traders carrying African slaves to the West Indies and exchanging slaves for sugar
C) Sugar was exported to Australia on the third leg of the triangle
D) White Americans from Britain’s New England colonies were not involved in the trade.
18)Why did the British want to take over the slave trade in the late-seventeenth century?
A) Their ongoing war with France demanded a supply of soldiers.
B) They needed labor for tobacco and sugar cultivation in North America and the Caribbean.
C) The availability of Native American labor was dwindling.
D) They had begun to establish cotton plantations in Brazil and needed labor.
19)Examine the eighteenth-century print of Luanda that appears in Chapter 2. What aspects of the Atlantic slave trade surface in the image?
A) The city possesses a harbor.
B) African people are shown at work in the image.
C) European kings line the streets of the city in royal procession.
D) European armies fight in the distance over the slave trade.
20)What steps did the Europeans take to reduce the risk of rebellion at the slave factories in Africa?
A) Slaves were kept drugged.
B) Families and ethnic groups were separated.
C) Men and women were confined in the same rooms.
D) Europeans did not really have to take many steps, as the completely overwhelmed Africans often submitted to the process.
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