44) When is a criminal said to be judgment proof?
A) when the criminal has not been read his Fifth Amendment rights prior to his arrest
B) when the criminal does not have the money to pay a civil judgment
C) when the criminal is found to be unfit to go to prison
D) when the criminal has been deemed to be insane
45) A(n) ________ is a document for a person’s detainment, based on a showing of probable cause that the person committed a crime.
A) arrest warrant
B) possessory warrant
C) no-knock warrant
D) execution warrant
46) ________ is defined as the substantial likelihood that a person either committed or is about to commit a crime.
A) Preponderance of evidence
B) Reasonable doubt
C) Probable cause
D) Reasonable suspicion
47) Which of the following is a difference between indictments and information statements?
A) Indictments are issued before a trial, while an information statement is issued after a trial.
B) Indictments are issued by a grand jury, while an information statement by a magistrate.
C) Information statements are issued to dismiss a case before it goes to trial, while an indictment is issued to bring a case to trial.
D) Information statements are issued without determining guilt, while an indictment is issued where guilt is evident.
48) A(n) ________ is a charge of having committed a crime, usually a felony, based on the judgment of a grand jury.
B) information statement
49) At what stage of the criminal procedure is the accused asked to enter a plea?
A) when the accused is taken to an arraignment
B) while an indictment or information statement is being issued
C) when the accused is being booked
D) when the accused is being arrested
50) What is nolo contendere in legal proceedings?
A) a plea by which the defense attorney sets out reasons as to why the case should not go to trial
B) a plea where the accused agrees to the imposition of a penalty but does not admit guilt
C) a plea by which the defense attorney exhibits evidences that the defendant is not fit to stand for trial
D) a guilty plea where the defendant does not admit the act and asserts innocence though there is sufficient evidence against the defendant
51) A jury that cannot come to a unanimous decision about the defendant’s guilt is called a(n) ________.
A) grand jury
B) open jury
C) struck jury
D) hung jury
52) Roland and Kelly were involved in a car accident in which Kelly was badly injured and had to be hospitalized. After the accident was investigated, it was found that Roland’s negligence was the cause of the accident. Duly, he was charged with reckless driving, a crime. What course of action should Roland take to avoid being sued by Kelly, holding him liable for her injuries and subsequent hospital bills?
A) plead not guilty and go to trial
B) enter into a plea of nolo contendere
C) plead guilty and serve the punishment set by the government, as this will suffice as the all-binding punishment for the crime
D) enter into a plea bargain with the government and pay a nominal penalty set by the government
53) What is the necessary condition for an accused person to be found guilty by a jury?
A) The jury’s guilty verdict has to be approved by the presiding judge.
B) At least half the jurors have to find the defendant guilty of the crime.
C) More than 50 per cent of the jurors have to find the defendant guilty of the crime.
D) All the jurors have to unanimously agree that the defendant is guilty of the crime.
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