51) The more a person has invested in the organization, the more that person has to lose if forced out and therefore, is less likely to use
A) their power.
C) illegitimate means.
D) defensive behavior.
E) all of the above
52) An individual most likely to engage in political behavior would have all of the following except a(n) ________.
A) high need for power
B) high ability to self monitor
C) high charisma rating
D) internal locus of control
E) Machiavellian personality
53) Which of the following does not describe high self-monitors?
A) The show greater sensitivity to social cues.
B) They possess an external locus of control.
C) They exhibit higher levels of social conformity.
D) They are more likely to be skilled in political behavior.
E) They are more likely to engage in political behavior.
54) Political activity is probably more a function of ________ than of ________.
A) management’s example; the organization’s characteristics
B) management’s example; individual difference variables
C) the organization’s characteristics; individual difference variables
D) individual difference variables; management’s example
E) individual difference variables; the organization’s characteristics
55) Which of the following is not true?
A) The more an organization’s culture emphasizes zero-sum reward allocations, the more employees will be motivated to engage in politicking.
B) The more pressure that employees feel to perform well, the more likely they are to engage in politicking.
C) The more growth stability a company demonstrates, the more likely its employees are to engage in politicking.
D) The greater the role ambiguity within a company, the more its employees can engage in political activity with little chance of it being visible.
E) The greater the opportunity for promotion or advancement within a company, the more employees will compete to positively influence outcomes.
56) There is a greater likelihood of political behavior of the illegitimate kind when there is/are ________ within the organization.
A) more resources
B) less trust
C) more executive opportunities
D) less executive opportunities
E) less satisfaction
57) Which of the following is NOT cited as a culture that creates a breeding ground for politicking?
A) cultures with unclear performance evaluation systems
B) high trust cultures
C) cultures with role ambiguity
D) democratic decision-making cultures
E) cultures with self-serving senior managers
58) Which factors in the reward allocation process are likely to increase the likelihood that an employee will be motivated to engage in politicking?
A) the use of objective criteria in the appraisal
B) use of several outcome measures
C) a zero-sum approach
D) clear criteria
E) all of the above
59) When politicking becomes too much to handle,
A) it can lead to employees quitting.
B) it can lead to increases in employee performance.
C) it can increase the motivation of employees.
D) it may decrease pressure to compete in the political arena.
E) it can increase employee retention.
60) Reactive and protective behaviors designed to avoid action, blame, or change when people perceive politics as a threat, are termed ________.
A) political behaviors
B) defensive behaviors
D) impression management
E) shielding bias
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