6-11. First pass metabolism of alcohol
A.is reduced by taking H2 receptor antagonists.
B.is less in women than in men.
C.in reduced when the stomach is empty.
D.all of A, B., and C.
E.none of A., B., or C.
6-12. The time for blood alcohol levels to reach the beginning of the plateau is variable, but is usually about
A. 10 minutes.
6-13. It is possible to convert the BAL in mg/100 ml to percent
A. by shifting the decimal 3 places to the left.
B.by shifting the decimal 3 places to the right.
C.by shifting the decimal 2 places to the left.
D.by shifting the decimal 2 places to the right.
E.none of the above. Conversion is not possible because they are measures of two different things.
6-14. The first step in the metabolism of alcohol is controlled by
E.none of the above.
6-15. Acetyl Coenzyme A, a byproduct of alcohol metabolism, is used by the body to produce
C.fatty acids and steroids.
D.ethanol and methanol.
E.both B. and C.
6-16. The MEOS is
A.a metabolite of alcohol.
B.another name for acetyl-coenzyme A.
C.a system for metabolizing alcohol.
D.responsible for increased tolerance to alcohol in heavy drinkers.
E.both C. and D.
6-17. Pat and Chris have the same body weight and drink the same amount of alcohol under the same conditions. Pat will reach a higher blood alcohol level if
A. Pat is a woman and Chris is a man.
B.Pat is a man and Chris is a woman.
C.Pat and Chris are both women, but Chris is drinking on an empty stomach and Pat has had a meal.
D.Chris is drinking sparkling wine and Pat is drinking still wine.
E.it is not possible to answer this question with the information provided.
6-18. Alcohol alters the effect of glutamate by
A.blocking the glutamate receptor site.
B.blocking the ion channel controlled by glutamate.
C.blocking the metabolism of glutamate.
D.stimulating the glutamate receptor site.
E.none of the above. Alcohol has no effect on glutamate transmission.
6-19. Alcohol causes the release of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens by
A. stimulating the 5-HT3 receptor.
B.blocking DA reuptake .
C.inhibiting GABA inhibition.
D.stimulating NMDA receptors.
E.none of the above.
6-20. An amethystic is
A.a drug that has a similar effect to alcohol.
B.a member of a class of drugs that potentiate alcohol.
C.a class of substances that antagonize the effects of alcohol.
D.a substance that relieves alcohol hangover.
E.a monk that abstains from all contact with alcohol or people who consume alcohol.
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