Business Ethics, 8eJennings Jennings
91.What rationalization do most speeders use to justify driving in excess of the speed limit?
a.I’m a better driver.
b.That’s what they do in California.
d.That speed limits are arbitrary.
92.Which category of ethical dilemma applies to dog walkers who do not scoop up after their pets?
a.Conflict of interest
b.Not following the rules
c.Balancing ethical dilemmas
d.Saying things you know are not true
93.Pam purchased a quesadilla at Taco Bell for lunch. She also asked for a water cup, which is free and to be used to get water at the soda fountain. Pam used the water cup to get Pepsi. Which of the following is correct?
a.Pam has simply taken advantage of a loophole with no supervision over water cup use
b.Pam has taken something that does not belong to her
c.Pam has done nothing wrong unless she was warned not to fill the water cup with soda
d.Both a and c
94.Megyn Kelly, a Fox News Anchor, is interviewing a physician about the impact of Obamacare. The physician is a partner with Ms. Kelly’s ex-husband.
a.Ms. Kelly need not disclose the relationship because she is now divorced.
b.Ms. Kelly need not disclose the relationship unless she also interviews her ex-husband.
c.Ms. Kelly needs to disclose the relationship.
d.Ms. Kelly need not disclose the relationship because she is an anchor, not a reporter.
95.What was the occupation of the author of “The Parable of the Sadhu” piece?
b.Professional mountain climber
96.Ralph has used all but one day of his personal leave time (PLT). His company’s policy is that PLT can be used for illness, family needs, or medical appointments. Ralph has used his PLT days when he was hung over or when a friend wanted to spend the day with him. Ralph’s grandmother, to whom he is very close, passed away, and he would like to go to her funeral, but it will take a day of travel, a day for the funeral, and a day to return. Ralph has asked his supervisor for additional time off in order to go to the funeral. Which of the following is correct?
a.If Ralph were an employer, he would see his request differently.
b.Companies need to provide additional days when employees request them for a good reason.
c.Ralph should receive the extra days because everybody uses PLT for sketchy reasons.
d.Giving Ralph the extra days does not affect other employees.
97.Lance Armstrong says that he looked up the meaning of the word “cheat” in the dictionary when he was using performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs). The dictionary defined cheating as “using an unfair advantage in a competition.” Mr. Armstrong believed that PEDs were used by his competitors and felt it was ethical to continue using them. Which rationalization did Mr. Armstrong use?
a.It’s a gray area.
b.It could be worse.
c.Everyone does it.
d.I deserve this.
98.Which of the following is true about Steve Cohen, the founder and owner of SAC Capital?
a.He was banned from trading securities for life.
b.He was accused of insider trading in a civil suit.
c.He was an aggressive trader, but he was never fired.
d.He is under criminal indictment.
99.Edward Snowden released classified documents that were stored at his employers’ archives. He works for a government agency. He released them because he felt U.S. citizens should know what kind of information their government was keeping about them. Which of the following is a correct statement?
a.Snowden has done nothing wrong.
b.Snowden has taken something that did not belong to him.
c.Snowden is justified if the government was acting unfairly.
d.Snowden follows the philosophical school of thought of the newspaper test.
100.Randy White is the executive director of a non-profit preschool for special needs children. Part of Randy’s responsibilities include fundraising for the preschool. Because of his experience and success in operating specialty pre-schools, Randy is sought after as a consultant at locations around the country to assist in the start-up and operation of such facilities. Randy does so quite frequently. Randy does not take vacation time for this work, and his consultant fees (which range from $750 – $1500 per day) are kept by him as personal income. Randy uses his secretary at the preschool to book his travel arrangements and prepare his consultant reports and bills for these outside engagements.
a.Randy’s activities are ethical so long as disclosed.
b.Randy is using the time and resources of his employer in an unethical manner.
c.Randy’s activities are ethical whether disclosed or undisclosed.
d.There is no conflict of interest in Randy’s activities.
101.What was the American Bar Association’s position on enhanced interrogation techniques used during the Bush administration?
a.That the tactics were not in violation of either U.S. or international law.
b.That the tactics were in violation of U.S. and international law.
c.That the tactics were not in violation of U.S. law, but were in violation of international law.
d.That the tactics were in violation of U.S. law, but were not in violation of international law.
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